It works like an insurance contract. In exchange for such a privilege (without obligation), the holder of an option contract (customer) usually pays a price called “option premium” for the FX option contract. A futures contract allows you to lock in a low price for a delivery date of up to 24 months in the future. The advantage is that you guarantee a rate that you have to pay (basic currency) and the amount of currency you will receive. This can be very beneficial when it comes to a pair of volatile currencies. Futures contracts are not traded on stock markets and standard amounts of currencies are not traded in these agreements. They can only be lifted by mutual agreement between the parties concerned. Parties to the contract are generally interested in securing a foreign exchange position or taking a speculative position. The contract exchange rate is set for a specific date in the future and is set and allows the parties involved to better budget for future financial projects and to know in advance exactly what the revenues or costs of the transaction will be on the upcoming date. The nature of futures contracts protects both parties from unexpected or unfavourable movements in future spot prices of currencies.
A date change contract is an agreement between two parties to buy or sell in future currency for a delivery date. Essentially buy now (exchange rate), but they pay later. A forward contract allows the customer or individual to set today`s price for a future delivery date. The advantage of this foreign exchange contract is that the beneficiary immediately obtains certainty and knows the cost of his transaction in his original currency. The contract can normally be drawn up for up to 2 years, which means it is ideal for managing the costs of importing or developing a business`s real estate. The downside is that the future spot price on the day of the run could be more attractive. Even if the risk shower can still be very comfortable with the futures contract. Suppose the spot price of the U.S. dollar and the Canadian dollar is 1.3122. The three-month U.S. rate is 0.75% and the three-month Canadian rate is 0.25%. The three-month exchange rate of USD/CAD CHANGE rates would be calculated as follows: this function of FX options makes them extremely useful for fx risk hedging when the direction of trading in exchange rates is uncertain.